Journal of medicinal chemistry

Docking and three-dimensional quantitative structure-activity relationship (3D QSAR) analyses of nonsteroidal progesterone receptor ligands.

PMID 16821785


We report a docking and comparative molecular similarity indices analysis (CoMSIA) study of progesterone receptor (PR) ligands with an emphasis on nonsteroids including tanaproget. The ligand alignment generation, a critical part of model building, comprised two stages. First, thorough conformational sampling of docking poses within the PR binding pocket was made with the program GOLD. Second, a strategy to select representative poses for CoMSIA was developed utilizing the FlexX scoring function. After manual replacement of five poses where this approach had problems, a significant correlation (r(2) = 0.878) between the experimental affinities and electrostatic, hydrophobic, and hydrogen bond donor properties of the aligned ligands was found. Extensive model validation was made using random-group cross-validations, external test set predictions (r(pred)(2) = 0.833), and consistency check between the CoMSIA model and the PR binding site structure. Robustness, predictive ability, and automated alignment generation make the model a potential tool for virtual screening.

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