Journal of chromatography. A

Flow modulation comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography-mass spectrometry with a supersonic molecular beam.

PMID 16834991


A new approach of flow modulation comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC x GC-MS) with supersonic molecular beam (SMB) and a quadrupole mass analyzer is presented. Flow modulation uniquely enables GC x GC-MS to be achieved even with the limited scan speed of quadrupole MS, and its 20 ml/min column flow rate is handled, splitless, by the SMB interface. Flow modulation GC x GC-SMB-MS shares all the major benefits of GC x GC and combines them with GC-MS including: (a) increased GC separation capability; (b) improved sensitivity via narrower GC peaks; (c) improved sensitivity through reduced matrix interference and chemical noise; (d) polarity and functional group sample information via the order of elution from the second polar column. In addition, GC x GC-SMB-MS is uniquely characterized by the features of GC-MS with SMB of enhanced and trustworthy molecular ion plus isotope abundance analysis (IAA) for improved sample identification and fast fly-through ion source response time. The combination of flow modulation GC x GC with GC-MS with SMB (supersonic GC-MS) was explored with complex matrices such as diesel fuel analysis and pesticide analysis in agricultural products.