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Biometals : an international journal on the role of metal ions in biology, biochemistry, and medicine

Tracing of labile zinc in live fish hepatocytes using FluoZin-3.


PMID 16841253

Abstract

Intracellular zinc levels are homeostatically regulated and although most is bound, a pool of labile Zn(II) is present in cells. We show here that the zinc probe FluoZin-3 is useful to monitor zinc fluxes during fluorescent imaging of the trout hepatic cell line D11. Nuclei and bulk cytosol appeared to lack detectable labile zinc, while the punctuate staining pattern colocalized with a lysosome-specific probe. Applying extracellular zinc alone resulted in vesicular sequestration of the metal ion. Together with Na-pyrithione a delayed and toxic rise in cellular fluorescence was triggered. When using another ionophore, 4-Br A23187, a zinc buffering effect of the vesicular pools was evident. Secondly, N-ethylmaleimide induced a homogeneous fluorescence rise, which was strongly enhanced by addition of Zn-pyrithione and disappeared after TPEN washing. This suggests the involvement of thiol residues in controlling available cytosolic zinc. Our observations have implications for the interpretation of calculated intracellular Zn2+ concentrations.

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