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Rapid communications in mass spectrometry : RCM

Surface-activated chemical ionization and high-flow gradient chromatography to reduce matrix effect.


PMID 16841358

Abstract

The new atmospheric pressure chemical ionization source, named surface-activated chemical ionization (SACI), has been used in conjunction with high-flow gradient chromatography to reduce the matrix effect. This high-flow gradient chromatography approach avoids the co-elution of analyte and biological matrix compounds that leads to a reduction in quantitation errors due to matrix effect. However, this approach cannot be employed with the classical electrospray ionization (ESI) source that usually works at low eluent flow (< 300 microL/min). SACI can work at high eluent flow (100-2000 microL/min) and can be employed in conjunction with high-flow gradient chromatography. The reduction in matrix effect in tacrolimus analysis in protein-precipitated blood samples, an important immunosuppressive agent for renal transplantation, is presented and discussed.