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Journal of veterinary pharmacology and therapeutics

Pharmacokinetics of clomipramine and desmethylclomipramine after single-dose intravenous and oral administrations in cats.


PMID 16846464

Abstract

A cross-over study was performed in six adult spayed cats to determine the pharmacokinetics of clomipramine and its metabolite, desmethylclomipramine (DCMP) after intravenous (0.25 mg/kg) and oral (0.5 mg/kg) single-dose administrations. Plasma clomipramine and DCMP were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography at regular intervals for up to 30 h. Intravenous clomipramine best fit a two-compartmental model yielding an elimination rate constant of 0.037-0.09 h(-1) from which a mean half-life of 12.3 h was calculated. Mean clomipramine AUC(0--infinity) (ngxh/mL), clearance (L/hxkg), V(ss) (L/kg) and MRT (h) values were 652.5, 0.393, 5.0, and 13.5, respectively. Compartmental modeling for clomipramine, after oral administration, and DCMP after both administrations, produced wide parameter estimates and plots of residuals indicated poor goodness of fit. Noncompartmental analysis yielded mean AUC(0--30 h) (ngxh/mL), C(max) (ng/mL) and T(max) (h) of 948.3, 87.5 and 6.2 for clomipramine, and 613.8, 34.8, and 12.8 for DCMP respectively after oral administration. Clomipramine bioavailability was 90%. The present study showed marked pharmacokinetic variability for clomipramine and DCMP through biphasic absorption and potential genetic variability in clomipramine metabolism. It was concluded that population pharmacokinetics would allow better characterization of clomipramine variability that may explain the variability in clinical response noted in cats.