Pharmacologic evidence that a D2 receptor subtype mediates dopaminergic stimulation of prolactin secretion from the anterior pituitary gland.

PMID 1685014


The ability of low concentrations of dopamine (DA) to stimulate the secretion of prolactin (PRL) was examined in perifused or monolayer cultures of anterior pituitary cells. In cultures perifused with media containing 100 nM DA, changing the DA concentration to either 1 or 100 pM caused a significant dose-dependent stimulatory PRL secretory response within 6 min when compared to the PRL secretory response to removal of DA altogether. Picomolar concentrations of DA caused a biphasic PRL secretory response. This response is characterized by an immediate increase in the rate of PRL secretion similar to that seen when the cells were treated with 100 nM thyrotropin-releasing hormone followed by a decrease in the rate of PRL secretion to levels comparable to cells receiving media alone. In a monolayer culture system DA, at concentrations between 10 nM and 1.0 pM, caused significant stimulation of PRL secretion relative to media alone. Maximal stimulation occurred at nanomolar concentrations of DA (approximately 60% greater than control). Although the D2 agonists, bromocriptine and 2-(N-phenethyl-N-propyl)-amino-5-hydroxytetralin hydrochloride (PPHT) caused significant (p less than 0.05) inhibition of PRL secretion at nanomolar concentrations and above, neither had stimulatory activity. The D1 agonists, SKF 38393 and SKF 82958, had no effect on PRL secretion when tested at 0.1 pM to 1 microM. These data suggest that DA not only inhibits PRL secretion in vitro, but also stimulates PRL secretion at relatively low concentrations. Stimulation is mediated by a DA receptor which is neither recognized by D2 nor D1 agonists, suggesting a possible third DA receptor subtype.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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(±)-PPHT hydrochloride, ≥98% (HPLC), solid
C21H27NO · HCl