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Journal of lipid research

Causes and prevention of tamoxifen-induced accumulation of triacylglycerol in rat liver.


PMID 16864897

Abstract

Tamoxifen can induce hepatic steatosis in women. In this study, we wanted to elucidate the mechanism behind the tamoxifen-induced accumulation of triacylglycerol in liver in female rats, and we hoped to prevent this development by combination treatment with the modified fatty acid tetradecylthioacetic acid (TTA). The increased hepatic triacylglycerol level after tamoxifen treatment was accompanied by decreased acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase (ACC) and FAS activities, increased glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase (GPAT) activity, and a tendency to increased diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT) activity. The activities and mRNA levels of enzymes involved in beta-oxidation, ketogenesis, and uptake of lipids from liver were unaffected by tamoxifen, whereas the uptake of lipoproteins was unchanged and the uptake of fatty acids was decreased. Combination treatment with tamoxifen and TTA (Tam+TTA) normalized the hepatic triacylglycerol level and increased the activities of ACC, FAS, GPAT, and DGAT compared with tamoxifen-treated rats. The activities and mRNA levels of enzymes involved in beta-oxidation, ketogenesis, and uptake of lipids were increased after Tam+TTA treatment. In conclusion, tamoxifen increased the hepatic triacylglycerol level, probably as a result of increased triacylglycerol biosynthesis combined with unchanged beta-oxidation. The tamoxifen-induced accumulation of triacylglycerol was prevented by cotreatment with TTA, through mechanisms of increased mitochondrial and peroxisomal beta-oxidation.

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T9262
Tamoxifen citrate salt, ≥99%
C26H29NO · C6H8O7