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Molecular and cellular biochemistry

The NADPH- and iron-dependent lipid peroxidation in human placental microsomes.


PMID 16896536

Abstract

In pregnant females, placenta is the most important source of lipid hydroperoxides and other reactive oxygen species (ROS). The increased production of lipid peroxides is often linked to preeclampsia. In our study, we revealed that NADPH- and iron-dependent lipid peroxidation in human placental microsomes (HPM) occurred. In the presence of Fe2+ ion, HPM produced small amounts of thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS) - a final product of lipid peroxidation. NADPH caused a strong increase of iron stimulated TBARS formation. TBARS formation was inhibited by superoxide dismutase, butylated hydroxytoluene and alpha-tocopherol but not by mannitol or catalase. TBARS and superoxide radical production was inhibited in similar manner by cytochrome P450 inhibitors. The results obtained led us to the following conclusions: (1) microsomal lipid peroxidation next to mitochondrial lipid peroxidation may by an important source of lipid hydroperoxides in blood during pregnancy and (2) superoxide radical released by microsomal cytochrome P450 is an important factor in NADPH- and iron-dependent lipid peroxidation in HPM.

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