Journal of hazardous materials

The effect of solution pH and peroxide in the TiO2-induced photocatalysis of chlorinated aniline.

PMID 16916576


Chlorinated anilines are frequently used in the industry as starting materials for chemical synthesis. This type of compounds can end up as pollutants in wastewater. 2-Chloroaniline (2-ClA) was selected irradiating under monochromatic UV light at 300nm. The reaction rate could be enhanced by introducing low level of H(2)O(2) into the UV/TiO(2) system. Excess H(2)O(2) could not increase the HO* generation but retarded the reaction rate. The pH effect was also investigated in UV/TiO(2) and UV/TiO(2)/H(2)O(2) systems. All the experimental results show that pH is a sensitive parameter to the rate of degradation. Low reaction rate at acidic pH could be accounted by the dark adsorption test which has also proven the photocatalysis of TiO(2) may contribute to a two-step process: (1) 2-ClA pre-adsorbed onto TiO(2) and (2) photoexcitation of TiO(2). At high pH, rate enhancement could be observed at UV/TiO(2) system because of the increase generation of HO*. However, the introduction of H(2)O(2) slowdown the decay rate at such alkaline medium.