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The Analyst

Sequential extraction--spectrofluorometric determination of lead and cadmium using cryptands.


PMID 1692195

Abstract

A spectrofluorimetric method for the determination of ultratrace amounts of lead and cadmium is described based on the sequential extraction of the ternary ion-association complexes formed between the cation, a cryptand as the ligand and eosin as a counter ion. A linear working range from the detection limit (0.5 ng ml(-1) to 250 ng ml(-1) of lead and to 1 50 ng ml(-1) of cadmium was obtained. The relative standard deviation was 2-4%. The proposed method has been applied successfully to the determination of lead and cadmium in zinc metals and soft drinks.