Congenital anomalies

Analysis of polyploid cells in mouse embryonic cells cultured under diabetic conditions.

PMID 16922922


To clarify the cytogenetic effects of glucose and ketone bodies on the pathogenesis of diabetes-associated congenital anomalies, we cultured cells from gestation-day-8 ICR mouse embryos under the diabetic condition. Cells were cultured in the medium with glucose (300 mg/dL) plus DL-2-hydroxybutyric acid (32 mM) (G + B group), glucose alone (G group), or neither of them (C group) for 5 days. At the end of the culture, cells were analyzed for the chromosomes. After 3-4 days culture, when the living cells grew into a mono-layered sheet, cells floating in the medium were observed and showed morphological features of apoptosis. Ratio of the floating cells was significantly higher in the G + B group than in the G or C group (P < 0.05), suggesting the deleterious effect of glucose and ketone body. Polyploidy was observed in the cultured cells more frequently in the G + B group (64.1%) than in the G group (49.0%), which was higher than the C group (20.5%) (G + B vs G: P < 0.05, G vs C: P < 0.001). The higher ratio of the polyploidy, but not of the aneuploidy, in the G + B and G groups suggested the specific effect of glucose and ketone body for inducing polyploidy. These results suggest that diabetic condition causes polyploidy in cultured embryonic cells.

Related Materials

Product #



Molecular Formula

Add to Cart

(R)-2-Hydroxybutyric acid, ≥97.0% (T)