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Journal of chromatographic science

Simultaneous determination of urinary metabolites of methoxypsoralens in human and Umbelliferae medicines by high-performance liquid chromatography.


PMID 16959122

Abstract

A high-performance liquid chromatography method has been developed for the determination of coumarins and furocoumarins (psoralens). Nine coumarins and furocoumarins are separated simultaneously on a Hypersil C(8) (25 cm x 4.6-mm i.d.) column with a gradient of methanol and acetonitrile aqueous solution as mobile phase at 1.0 mL/min with two-channel UV-vis absorbance detection. The limits of detection are 0.366, 0.219, 0.317, 0.440, 0.536, 0.300, 0.531, 0.531, 0.237, and 0.280 ng/mL for coumarin, 7-hydroxycoumarin, 7-methoxycoumarin, citropten (5,7-dimethoxycoumarin), 7-ethoxy-4-methylcoumarin, psoralen, xanthotoxin (8-methoxypsoralen), bergapten (5-methoxypsoralen), isopimpinellin (5,8-dimethoxypsoralen), and imperatorin (9-isopenteneoxypsoralen), respectively. Human urine is analyzed 1-6 days after ingestion of the oral Chinese medicines. This lead to the conclusion that the concentration of coumarins and furocoumarins is higher than that of the control urine. The coumarins and furocoumarins are detected at 312 and 249 nm, respectively.

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