The Journal of biological chemistry

Identification of the missing component in the mitochondrial benzamidoxime prodrug-converting system as a novel molybdenum enzyme.

PMID 16973608


Amidoximes can be used as prodrugs for amidines and related functional groups to enhance their intestinal absorption. These prodrugs are reduced to their active amidines. Other N-hydroxylated structures are mutagenic or responsible for toxic effects of drugs and are detoxified by reduction. In this study, a N-reductive enzyme system of pig liver mitochondria using benzamidoxime as a model substrate was identified. A protein fraction free from cytochrome b5 and cytochrome b5 reductase was purified, enhancing 250-fold the minor benzamidoxime-reductase activity catalyzed by the membrane-bound cytochrome b5/NADH cytochrome b5 reductase system. This fraction contained a 35-kDa protein with homologies to the C-terminal domain of the human molybdenum cofactor sulfurase. Here it was demonstrated that this 35-kDa protein contains molybdenum cofactor and forms the hitherto ill defined third component of the N-reductive complex in the outer mitochondrial membrane. Thus, the 35-kDa protein represents a novel group of molybdenum proteins in eukaryotes as it forms the catalytic part of a three-component enzyme complex consisting of separate proteins. Supporting these findings, recombinant C-terminal domain of the human molybdenum cofactor sulfurase exhibited N-reductive activity in vitro, which was strictly dependent on molybdenum cofactor.

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Benzamide oxime, 97%