Journal of industrial microbiology & biotechnology

Bioconversion of ethyl 4-chloro-3-oxobutanoate by permeabilized fresh brewer's yeast cells in the presence of allyl bromide.

PMID 17043805


Ethyl(R)-4-chloro-3-hydroxybutanoate ((R)-CHBE) are obtained by cetyltrimetylammonium bromide (CTAB) permeabilized fresh brewer's yeast whole cells bioconversion of ethyl 4-chloro-3-oxobutanoate (COBE ) in the presence of allyl bromide. The results showed that the activities of alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH) in CTAB permeabilized brewer's yeast cells increased 525 and 7.9-fold, respectively, compared with that in the nonpermeabilized cells and had high enantioselectivity to convert COBE to (R)-CHBE. As one of co-substrates, glucose-6-phosphate was preprepared using glucose phosphorylation by hexokinase-catalyzed of CTAB permeabilized brewer's yeast cells. In a two phase reaction system with n-butyl acetate as organic solvent and with 2-propanol and glucose-6-phosphate as co-substrates, the highest (R)-CHBE concentration of 447 mM was obtained with 110-130 g/l of the CTAB permeabilized cells at optimized pH, temperature, feeding rate and the shake speed of 125 r/min. The yield and enantiomeric excess (ee) of (R)-CHBE reached 99.5 and 99%, respectively, within 6 h.