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Colloids and surfaces. B, Biointerfaces

New approach to the immobilization of glucose oxidase on non-porous silica microspheres functionalized by (3-aminopropyl)trimethoxysilane (APTMS).


PMID 17049822

Abstract

The immobilization and encapsulation of glucose oxidase (GOD) onto the mesoporous and the non-porous silica spheres prepared by co-condensation of tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS) and (3-aminopropyl)trimethoxysilane (APTMS) in the water-in-oil (W/O) emulsion system were studied. The terminal amine group was used as the important functionality for GOD immobilization on the silica substrate. When only TEOS is used as a silica source, the disordered mesoporous silica microspheres are obtained. As the molar ratio of APTMS to TEOS (R(AT)) increases, the surface area and pore volume of the silica particles measured by nitrogen adsorption and desorption method and SEM decrease rapidly. Particularly, the largest change of the surface morphology is observed between R(AT)=0.20 and R(AT)=0.25. The amount and the adsorption time of immobilized enzyme were measured by UV spectroscopy. About 20wt% of GOD was immobilized into the silica substrates above R(AT)=0.60 and was completely adsorbed into the substrate of R(AT)=0.80 with lapse of 4h after addition. In the measurement of the thermal stability, GOD dissolved in buffer solution loses nearly all of its activity after 30 min at 65 degrees C. In contrast, GOD immobilized on the surface-modified silica particles still retains about 90% of its activity after the same treatment. At this temperature, the immobilized glucose oxidase retained half of its initial activity after 4h. It is shown that the suitable usage of functionalizing agent like APTMS as well as the control of surface morphology is very important on the immobilization of enzyme.