Journal of the American Chemical Society

On the biosynthetic origin of methoxymalonyl-acyl carrier protein, the substrate for incorporation of "glycolate" units into ansamitocin and soraphen A.

PMID 17076505


Feeding experiments with isotope-labeled precursors rule out hydroxypyruvate and TCA cycle intermediates as the metabolic source of methoxymalonyl-ACP, the substrate for incorporation of "glycolate" units into ansamitocin P-3, soraphen A, and other antibiotics. They point to 1,3-bisphosphoglycerate as the source of the methoxymalonyl moiety and show that its C-1 gives rise to the thioester carbonyl group (and hence C-1 of the "glycolate" unit), and its C-3 becomes the free carboxyl group of methoxymalonyl-ACP, which is lost in the subsequent Claisen condensation on the type I modular polyketide synthases (PKS). d-[1,2-(13)C(2)]Glycerate is also incorporated specifically into the "glycolate" units of soraphen A, but not of ansamitocin P-3, suggesting differences in the ability of the producing organisms to activate glycerate. A biosynthetic pathway from 1,3-bisphosphoglycerate to methoxymalonyl-ACP is proposed. Two new syntheses of R- and S-[1,2-(13)C(2)]glycerol were developed as part of this work.