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Journal of immunological methods

The influence of epitope density on the estimation of the affinity of antibody for complex antigens.


PMID 1709667

Abstract

The influence of the epitope density of the antigen on antibody affinity values determined by fluid- and solid-phase immunoassays was assessed. The affinity of the interaction of a panel of monoclonal anti-DNP antibodies of different affinities (as determined by equilibrium dialysis) for DNP-protein conjugates of various hapten substitution ratios was used as the test system. The results obtained showed that the epitope density of the antigen markedly influences the observed affinity values obtained by both experimental approaches. However, the monoclonal antibodies were ranked in affinity terms by both assays in a similar order to that given by equilibrium dialysis. It is concluded that provided due care is exercised in choosing an appropriate epitope density for the test antigen, these methods can be used to provide rapid estimations of average antibody affinities.

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