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Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences

Simultaneous determination of ten antiarrhythic drugs and a metabolite in human plasma by liquid chromatography--tandem mass spectrometry.


PMID 17113839

Abstract

A simple, accurate and selective LC-MS/MS method was developed and validated for simultaneous quantification of ten antiarrhythic drugs (diltiazem, amiodarone, mexiletine, propranolol, sotalol, verapamil, bisoprolol, metoprolol, atenolol, carvedilol) and a metabolite (norverapamil) in human plasma. Plasma samples were simply pretreated with acetonitrile for deproteinization. Chromatographic separation was performed on a Capcell C(18) column (50mmx2.0mm, 5microm) using a gradient mixture of acetonitrile and water (both containing 0.02% formic acid) as a mobile phase at flow rate of 0.3ml/min. The analytes were protonated in the positive electrospray ionization (ESI) interface and detected in multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode. Calibration curves were linear over wide ranges from sub- to over-therapeutic concentration in plasma for all analytes. Intra- and inter-batch precision of analysis was <12.0%, accuracy ranged from 90% to 110%, average recovery from 85.0% to 99.7%. The validated method was successfully applied to therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) of antiarrhythic drugs in routine clinical practice.

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V108
(±)-Norverapamil hydrochloride, ≥98% (HPLC)
C26H36N2O4 · HCl