The Journal of cell biology

Requirement of biphasic calcium release from the endoplasmic reticulum for Fas-mediated apoptosis.

PMID 17130290


Fas receptor is a member of the tumor necrosis factor-alpha family of death receptors that mediate physiologic apoptotic signaling. To investigate the molecular mechanisms regulating calcium mobilization during Fas-mediated apoptosis, we have analyzed the sequential steps leading to altered calcium homeostasis and cell death in response to activation of the Fas receptor. We show that Fas-mediated apoptosis requires endoplasmic reticulum-mediated calcium release in a mechanism dependent on phospholipase C-gamma1 (PLC-gamma1) activation and Ca2+ release from inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (IP3R) channels. The kinetics of Ca2+ release were biphasic, demonstrating a rapid elevation caused by PLC-gamma1 activation and a delayed and sustained increase caused by cytochrome c binding to IP3R. Blocking either phase of Ca2+ mobilization was cytoprotective, highlighting PLC-gamma1 and IP3R as possible therapeutic targets for disorders associated with Fas signaling.