Chemical research in toxicology

Aerobic fate of the C-3'-thymidinyl radical in single-stranded DNA.

PMID 17173376


Oxidative events that target the sugar-phosphate backbone of DNA can lead to reactive fragments that interfere with DNA repair, transcription and translation by the formation of cross-links and adducts of proteins and nucleobases. Here we report the formation of several such lesions through the aerobic degradation of an independently generated C-3'-thymidinyl radical in 2'-deoxyoligonucleotides. Individual fragments were identified by independent synthesis and comparison of retention times in high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and/or matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-ToF MS) along with gel electrophoresis. The formation of this reactive intermediate in the presence of oxygen was found to produce 3'-phosphoglycolaldehyde (3'-PGA) as well as 3'-ketoenolether (3'-KEE), 3'-phosphoglycolate (3'-PG), and 5'-aldehyde terminated oligonucleotide fragments. Additionally, a significant outcome of C-3'-thymidinyl radical formation in DNA oligomers is a strand break resulting in one 3'- and two 5'-phosphate-terminated oligomers. These results suggest the involvement of several sugar derived reactive species upon C-3'-radical initiated scission of single-stranded DNA under aerobic conditions. The electrophilic nature of several of these products as well as their formation through a single oxidative event can make the presence of a C-3'-DNA radical more detrimental to the cell than products derived from more frequently occurring DNA sugar radicals.

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Glycolaldehyde 2-phosphate calcium salt, ≥95.0% (TLC)