EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND

Cytokine

Mediation of aldose reductase in lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammatory signals in mouse peritoneal macrophages.


PMID 17174561

Abstract

Aldose reductase (AR; AKR1B1) a member of aldo-keto reductase super family, that we had shown earlier mediates cytotoxic signals induced by high glucose, cytokines and growth factors, also mediates the inflammatory signals induced by Gram-negative bacterial endotoxin, lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Inhibition of AR by three distinct AR inhibitors sorbinil, tolrestat or zopolrestat suppressed the LPS-induced production of inflammatory cytokines such as TNF-alpha, IL-6, IL-1beta, IFN-gamma, and chemokine MCP-1 in murine peritoneal macrophages. Inhibition of AR also prevented the production of nitric oxide, and prostaglandin E2 and expression of iNOS and Cox-2 proteins. The LPS-induced DNA binding activity of NF-kappaB and AP1 were significantly inhibited by AR inhibitors, and this effect was mediated through the inhibition of phosphorylation of IkappaB-alpha, IKK alpha/beta and PKC. These results suggest the therapeutic use of AR inhibitors as anti-inflammatory drugs.

Related Materials

Product #

Image

Description

Molecular Formula

Add to Cart

S7701
Sorbinil, ≥98% (HPLC)
C11H9FN2O3
Z4527
Zopolrestat, ≥98% (HPLC)
C19H12F3N3O3S