Biotechnology journal

Expression of an acetyl-CoA synthase and a CoA-transferase in Escherichia coli to produce modified taxanes in vivo.

PMID 17183509


Previous in vitro studies revealed that the 10-deacetylbaccatin III 10beta-O-acetyltransferase (DBAT) from Taxus can catalyze the transfer of acetyl, propionyl or n-butyryl from CoA to the C10-hydroxyl of 10-deacetylbaccatin III. Accordingly, Escherichia coli JM109 were transformed to recombinantly express dbat, and this enzyme function was coupled to that of acetyl-CoA synthase (acs, EC expressed from and regulated by genes encoded on the bacterial chromosome. Incubation of the bacteria with 10-deacetylbaccatin III and increasing concentrations of acetic acid revealed an in vivo conversion ( approximately 10%) of substrate to natural product baccatin III (C10-acetylated), which was remarkably similar to the relative conversion without acid supplementation. Incubation of the modified E. coli with 5 mM propionic acid, revealed a fivefold increase in the conversion ( approximately 13%) of 10-deacetylbaccatin III to 10-deacetyl-10-propionylbaccatin III, compared to approximately 2% conversion in the absence of exogenous propionate. To produce the butyrylbaccatin III analog in vivo, bacteria were engineered to co-express the dbat and atoAD (EC genes; the latter encodes an acetoacetate: acetyl-CoA CoA-transferase that activates butyrate to butyryl CoA. The bacteria were incubated with 10-deacetylbaccatin III and 25-100 mM butyrate, and a maximum of approximately 2.6% conversion to 10-butyrylbaccatin III was observed compared to approximately 0.6% conversion when no exogenous butyrate was supplied.

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Baccatin III, ≥95% (HPLC)