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Endocrinology

Cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cAMP)-dependent and cAMP-independent regulation of parathyroid hormone receptors on UMR 106-01 osteoblastic osteosarcoma cells.


PMID 1718728

Abstract

The osteoblast-like cells, UMR 106-01, express PTH receptors that are coupled to adenylate cyclase. Recently, we reported the isolation of a UMR 106-01 subclone, UMR 4-7, that is stably transfected with a Zn(++)-inducible mutant of the regulatory subunit of protein kinase A. Incubation of UMR 4-7 cells with Zn++ renders the cells unresponsive to cAMP agonists. This subclone, therefore, seemed particularly suitable for studies of PTH receptor regulation. In UMR 106-01 cells, PTH receptors are strikingly down-regulated by pretreatment with 8-Br-cAMP or 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine for 2 days. In UMR 4-7 cells, this effect is totally prevented by prior and concurrent treatment with Zn++. Zn++ addition to UMR 106 cells does not modify these responses. Treatment with the PTH agonist [Nle8,18,Tyr34]bovine PTH(1-34)NH2 [(NlePTH(1-34)] also markedly down-regulates PTH receptors in UMR 106 cells, but this effect is only partially inhibited in Zn(++)-induced UMR 4-7 cells. At high doses, the PTH antagonist, [Nle8,18,Tyr34]bovine PTH(3-34)NH2 [NlePTH(3-34)] also (partially) reduces PTH receptor availability. Receptor regulation by NlePTH(3-34) is not blocked in the cAMP-resistant cells, however. Coincubation of submaximal doses of NlePTH(1-34) (1 nM) with NlePTH(3-34) (1 microM) reduces receptor availability more than when the cells are exposed to either ligand alone. This decrease is only partially inhibited in Zn(++)-induced UMR 4-7 cells. In contrast to its additive effect on receptor regulation, NlePTH(3-34) efficiently competes for binding to the PTH receptor in UMR 106-01 cells and antagonizes the stimulatory effects of NlePTH(1-34) on both intracellular cAMP accumulation and gene expression driven by a transiently transfected synthetic cAMP-responsive enhancer. In conclusion, homologous down-regulation of PTH receptors is mediated by activation of both cAMP-dependent (via protein kinase A) and cAMP-independent pathways. PTH activates both pathways, whereas the effect of NlePTH(3-34) appears to be exclusively cAMP-independent. These results give new insights into mechanisms of PTH receptor regulation.