Journal of enzyme inhibition and medicinal chemistry

Inhibition of jack bean urease by tetrachloro-o-benzoquinone and tetrachloro-p-benzoquinone.

PMID 17194024


Tetrachloro-o-benzoquinone (TCoBQ) and tetrachloro-p-benzoquinone (TCpBQ) were studied as inhibitors of jack bean urease in 20 mM phosphate buffer, pH 7.0, 1 mM EDTA, 25 degrees C. The mechanisms of inhibition were evaluated by analysis of the progress curves obtained with two procedures: the reaction initiated by addition of the enzyme and the reaction initiated by addition of the substrate after preincubation of the enzyme with the inhibitor. The obtained results were characteristic of slow-binding inhibition. The effects of different inhibitor concentrations on the initial and steady-state velocities obeyed the relationships of two-step enzyme-inhibitor interaction, qualified as mechanism B. It was found that TCoBQ and TCpBQ are strong urease inhibitors. TCpBQ is more effective than TCoBQ with the overall inhibition constant of K(i)* = 4.5 x 10(-7) mM. The respective inhibition constant of TCoBQ was equal to: K(i)* = 2.4 x 10(-6) mM. The protective experiment proved that the urease active site is involved in the tetrachlorobenzoquinone inhibition process. High effectiveness of thiol protectors against inhibition by TCoBQ and TCpBQ indicates the strategic role of the active site sulfhydryl group in the blocking process. The stability of the complexes: urease-TCoBQ and urease-TCpBQ was tested in two ways: by dilution or addition of dithiothreitol. No recovery of urease activity bound in the urease-inhibitor complexes proves that the complexes are stable and strong.

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3,4,5,6-Tetrachloro-1,2-benzoquinone, 97%