Plant cell reports

Micropropagation of photinia employing rhizobacteria to promote root development.

PMID 17205338


An alternative protocol was developed for in vitro propagation of photinia (Photinia x fraseri Dress), an ornamental shrub, using the plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) Azospirillum brasilense and Azotobacter chroococcum during rhizogenesis. Shoot tips from four-year-old mature plants, cut in spring and summer, were used as initial explants. They were cultured on Murashige-Skoog (MS) medium with Gamborg's vitamins, N(6)-benzyladenine (BA: 11.1 microM) and gibberellic acid (GA(3): 1.3 microM), obtaining 63% of established explants. The highest shoot length (22.9 mm) and multiplication rate (4.3) was achieved by cultivating for four weeks in the same basal medium supplemented with 4.4 microM BA. Both auxin induction and bacterial inoculation were used for rooting. Elongated shoots were treated with two concentrations of indole-3-butyric acid (IBA: 4.9 or 49.2 microM) during 6 days for auxin induction. Then, the shoots were transferred to an auxin-free medium and inoculated with A. brasilense Cd, Sp7 or A. chroococcum (local strain). Bacterial inoculation induced earlier rooting of photinia shoots. A. brasilense Cd with 49.2 microM IBA pulse showed a significant increase (P