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Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Purification and characterization of particulate endothelium-derived relaxing factor synthase from cultured and native bovine aortic endothelial cells.


PMID 1720542

Abstract

The particulate enzyme responsible for the synthesis of endothelium-derived relaxing factor has been purified from cultured and native (noncultured) bovine aortic endothelial cells. Purification of the solubilized particulate enzyme preparation by affinity chromatography on adenosine 2',5'-bisphosphate coupled to Sepharose followed by Superose 6 gel filtration chromatography resulted in a single protein band after denaturing polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis that corresponded to approximately 135 kDa. The enzyme activity in the various fractions was assayed by its stimulatory effect on soluble guanylyl cyclase of rat fetal lung fibroblasts (RFL-6 cells), by the formation of L-citrulline from L-arginine, by measuring nitrite/nitrate formation, and by bioassay on endothelium-denuded vascular strips. Endothelium-derived relaxing factor synthase was purified 3419-fold from the crude particulate fraction of cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells with a 12% recovery (RFL-6 assay). Purified endothelium-derived relaxing factor synthase required L-arginine, NADPH, Ca2+, calmodulin, and 5,6,7,8-tetrahydrobiopterin for full activity.

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