Journal of colloid and interface science

Chemisorption of carbon dioxide on potassium-carbonate-promoted hydrotalcite.

PMID 17250846


New equilibrium and column dynamic data for chemisorption of carbon dioxide from inert nitrogen at 400 and 520 degrees C were measured on a sample of potassium-carbonate-promoted hydrotalcite, which was a reversible chemisorbent for CO(2). The equilibrium chemisorption isotherms were Langmuirian in the low-pressure region (p(CO(2)) < 0.2 atm) with a large gas-solid interaction parameter. The isotherms deviated from Langmuirian behavior in the higher pressure region. A new analytical model that simultaneously accounted for Langmuirian chemisorption of CO(2) on the adsorbent surface and additional reaction between the gaseous and sorbed CO(2) molecules was proposed to describe the measured equilibrium data. The model was also capable of describing the unique loading dependence of the isosteric heat of chemisorption of CO(2) reported in the literature. The column breakthrough curves for CO(2) sorption from inert N(2) on the chemisorbent could be described by the linear driving force (LDF) model in conjunction with the new sorption isotherm. The CO(2) mass-transfer coefficients were (i) independent of feed gas CO(2) concentration in the range of the data at a given temperature and (ii) a weak function of temperature. The ratio of the mass-transfer zone length to the column length was very low due to highly favorable CO(2) sorption equilibrium.

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Potassium carbonate, BioUltra, anhydrous, ≥99.0% (T)