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Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research

Increased expression of insulin-like growth factor-II messenger RNA-binding protein 1 is associated with tumor progression in patients with lung cancer.


PMID 17255263

Abstract

To identify novel biomarkers and therapeutic targets for lung cancers, we screened for genes that were highly transactivated in a large proportion of non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC) using a cDNA microarray representing 27,648 genes. A gene encoding insulin-like growth factor-II mRNA-binding protein 1 (IMP-1) was selected as a candidate (> or =3-fold expression than in normal lung tissue in about 70% of NSCLCs). Tumor tissue microarray was applied to examine expression of IMP-1 protein in archival lung cancer samples from 267 patients and investigated its clinicopathologic significance. A role of IMP-1 in cancer cell growth and/or survival was examined by small interfering RNA experiments. Cellular invasive activity of IMP-1 on mammalian cells was examined using Matrigel assays. mRNAs associated with IMP-1 in cancer cells were also isolated by RNA immunoprecipitation followed by cDNA microarray analysis. Positive immunostaining of IMP-1 was correlated with male (P = 0.0001), tumor size (P = 0.0003), non-adenocarcinoma histology (P < 0.0001), smoking history (P = 0.0005), non-well-differentiated tumor grade (P = 0.0001), and poor prognosis (P = 0.0053). Suppression of IMP-1 expression with small interfering RNA effectively suppressed growth of NSCLC cells. In addition, we identified that exogenous expression of IMP-1 increased the migratory activity of mammalian cells. IMP-1 was able to bind to mRNAs encoding a variety of proteins involved in signal transduction, cell cycle progression, cell adhesion and cytoskeleton, and various types of enzymatic activities. These results suggest that IMP-1 expression is likely to play important roles in lung cancer development and progression, and that IMP-1 is a prognostic biomarker and a promising therapeutic target for lung cancer.