Phospholamban inhibits Ca-ATPase conformational changes involving the E2 intermediate.

PMID 17261028


We have used steady-state fluorescence spectroscopy in combination with enzyme kinetic assays to test the hypothesis that phospholamban (PLB) stabilizes the Ca-ATPase in the E2 intermediate state. The cardiac muscle Ca-ATPase (SERCA2a) isoform was expressed either alone or coexpressed with PLB in High-Five insect cells and was isolated as insect cell microsomes. Fluorescence studies of the Ca-ATPase covalently labeled with the probe 5-(2-((iodoacetyl)amino)ethyl)aminonaphthalene-1-sulfonic acid showed that PLB decreased the amplitude of the Ca-ATPase E2 --> E1 conformational transition by 45 +/- 3% and shifted the [Ca2+] dependence of the transition to higher Ca2+ levels (DeltaKCa = 230 nM), similar to the effect of PLB on Ca-ATPase activity. Similarly, PLB decreased the amplitude of Ca-ATPase phosphorylation by inorganic phosphate (Pi) by 55 +/- 2% and decreased slightly the affinity for Pi (DeltaK0.5 = 70 microM). However, PLB did not affect the Ca2+-dependent inhibition of Ca-ATPase phosphorylation by Pi. Finally, PLB decreased Ca-ATPase sensitivity to vanadate, increasing the IC50 value by 300 nM. The results suggest that PLB binding to Ca-ATPase stabilizes the enzyme in a conformation distinct from E2, decreasing the number of enzymes in the E2 state capable of undergoing ligand-dependent conformational changes involving the Ca-free E2 intermediate. The inability of conformation-specific ligands to fully convert this E2-like state into E1 or E2 implies that these states are not in a simple equilibrium relationship.

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