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Electrophoresis

Detection of bis(sulfosuccinimidyl) suberate binding in electrophoresis: determination of membrane sidedness of proteins.


PMID 17274097

Abstract

The applicability of the membrane-impermeant protein cross-linker bis(sulfosuccinimidyl) suberate (BS(3)) to the determination of membrane sidedness of proteins was tested in 3T3-L1 cells and in erythrocytes. Binding of BS(3) to proteins was apparent in electrophoresis. In three proteins of 3T3-L1 cells, protein kinase-Cepsilon, protein kinase-Czeta, and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, BS(3) action was detectable in SDS-PAGE with immunoblotting. This enabled confirmation of the well-known intracellular localization of these proteins. In cathepsin E of erythrocytes, a mobility increase in nondenaturing PAGE was the most prominent effect of BS(3) treatment. A mechanism for the increase in mobility due to BS(3) binding is suggested. Cathepsin E was found to be located at the intracellular side of the membrane, in accordance with existing evidence.