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Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy

Fluoroquinolone resistance in Haemophilus influenzae is associated with hypermutability.


PMID 17283196

Abstract

Forty-three percent (12/28) of ciprofloxacin (CIP)-nonsusceptible respiratory isolates of Haemophilus influenzae were hypermutable, compared with 8.5% (3/35) in the CIP-susceptible control group (P=0.002). CIP-nonsusceptible mutants were obtained with hypermutable strains only; these mutants developed three resistance mechanisms in a step-by-step process: target modifications, loss of a porin protein, and increased efflux.