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Molecular nutrition & food research

Urinary 2-ethyl-3-oxohexanoic acid as major metabolite of orally administered 2-ethylhexanoic acid in human.


PMID 17309117

Abstract

Human metabolism of 2-ethylhexanoic acid (2-EHA), which is a known metabolite of important phthalates, was investigated using 2-EHA-contaminated food. The results of our studies reveal that the major catabolic pathway of 2-EHA in human is beta-oxidation. The dominant final urinary metabolite was identified and quantified as 3-oxo-2-ethylhexanoic acid (3-oxo-2-EHA), but only after immediate methylation of the extract from urine and prior to GC-MS analysis. Former studies without the precaution of immediate methylation had found 4-heptanone as the major metabolite, which is obviously an artifact arising from the decarboxylation of 3-oxo-2-EHA.