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Journal of the American Chemical Society

Characterization and mechanism of formation of tandem lesions in DNA by a nucleobase peroxyl radical.


PMID 17335214

Abstract

5,6-Dihydro-2'-deoxyuridin-6-yl (1) was independently generated via photolysis of 3. The radical is an analogue of the major reactive species produced from thymidine upon reaction with hydroxyl radical, which is the dominant DNA-damaging agent produced by the indirect effect of gamma-radiolysis. Under aerobic conditions, the peroxyl radical (2) derived from 1 reacts approximately 82% of the time with either the 5'- or 3'-adjacent nucleotide to produce two contiguously damaged nucleotides, known as tandem lesions. The structures and distribution of tandem lesions were investigated using probes that selectively detect abasic sites, ESI-MS/MS, and competition kinetics. In addition to 2-deoxyribonolactone, nonoxidized abasic sites were detected. 18O-Labeling verified that H2O was the source of oxygen in the abasic sites, but that O2 was the source of the oxygen in the 5,6-dihydro-6-hydroxy-2'-deoxyuridine derived from 2. ESI-MS/MS experiments, in conjunction with isotopic labeling, identified several products and provided direct evidence for peroxyl radical addition to the adjacent thymine bases. Kinetic studies revealed that peroxyl radical addition to the 5'-thymine was favored by approximately 4-5-fold over C1'-hydrogen atom abstraction from the respective deoxyribose ring, and that 2-deoxyribonolactone formation accounts for approximately 11% of the total amount of tandem lesions produced. These results suggest that tandem lesions, whose biochemical effects are largely unknown, constitute a major family of DNA damage products produced by the indirect effect of gamma-radiolysis.

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