EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND

Human & experimental toxicology

Protective role of dietary fibre on N-nitrosopyrrolidine-induced toxicity in hypercholesterolemic rats.


PMID 17370866

Abstract

N-nitrosopyrrolidine (NPYR) is an important carcinogen, frequently present in the environment and food chain. Oral administration of NPYR to experimental rats evoked severe biochemical and pathological changes. In the present investigation, the protective role of dietary fibre on NPYR-induced toxicity in hypercholesterolemic rats was studied. Supplementation of chickpea seed coat fibre in the diet reduced the hepato-toxic effects of NPYR, as evident from the decreased hepatic degeneration and improved liver weight index compared to control. Administration of NPYR resulted in an increase in the osmotic fragility of erythrocytes in the experimental animals. The antioxidant potential of experimental animals decreased in the NPYR-fed group, which was evident from the increased in vitro lipid peroxidation (LPO) of erythrocytes. However, chickpea seed coat fibre considerably reduced the peroxidative damage done by NPYR. Administration of NPYR resulted in a substantial and significant increase in LPO in all tissues, to a varying degree, though the effect was maximum in the case of the liver. Inclusion of chickpea seed coat fibre considerably reduced the peroxidative damage caused by NPYR in all tissues. The effect of NPYR administration on antioxidant potential was variable in different tissues, but the effect was reduced considerably on inclusion of chickpea seed coat fibre in the diet, providing reasonable protection against NPYR-induced oxidative stress, and, hence, its toxicity. Histopathological analysis of different tissues (heart, liver, lungs, spleen and kidneys) showed mild to severe pathological changes among the control and experimental groups. However, the pathological effects of NPYR administration were markedly reduced with the addition of chickpea seed coat fibre in the diet.

Related Materials

Product #

Image

Description

Molecular Formula

Add to Cart

158240
1-Nitrosopyrrolidine, 99%
C4H8N2O