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Biochemical and biophysical research communications

Expression and initial characterization of human ALDH3B1.


PMID 17382292

Abstract

Aldehyde dehydrogenases (ALDHs) are critical enzymes in the metabolism of endogenous and exogenous aldehydes. The human genome contains 19 putatively functional ALDH genes; ALDH3B1 belongs to the ALDH3 family. While recent studies have linked the ALDH3B1 locus to schizophrenia, nothing was known, until now, about the properties and significance of the ALDH3B1 protein. The aim of this study was to characterize the ALDH3B1 protein. Human ALDH3B1 was baculovirus-expressed and found to be catalytically active towards medium- and long-chain aliphatic aldehydes and the aromatic aldehyde benzaldehyde. Western blot analyses indicate that ALDH3B1 is highly expressed in kidney and liver and moderately expressed in various brain regions. ALDH3B1-transfected HEK293 cells were significantly protected against cytotoxicity induced by the lipid peroxidation product octanal when compared to vector-transfected cells. This study shows for the first time the functionality, expression and protective role of ALDH3B1 and indicates a potential physiological role of ALDH3B1 against oxidative stress.

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