Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences

Using Janus green B to study paraquat toxicity in rat liver mitochondria: role of ACE inhibitors (thiol and nonthiol ACEi).

PMID 17384251


Janus green B (JG-B) dye is used for vital staining of mitochondria and its reduction and oxidation shows the electron transfer chain alteration. The defect in electron transfer chain of mitochondria by paraquat is linked to free radical formation. In this present study we compared the abilities of different angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, captopril (a thiol ACEi), enalapril, and lisinopril (two nonthiol ACEi) on mitochondria toxicity due to paraquat. The rat liver mitochondria were first isolated by centrifuge (at 4 degrees C at a speed of 7,000 g) in a mixture of 0.25 M saccharose solution and 0.05 M Tris buffer. Various concentrations of paraquat (1, 5, 10 mM), enalapril (0.25, 0.5, 1 mM), lisinopril (0.01, 0.05, 0.1 mM), and captopril (0.08, 0.1, 1 mM) on the mitochondria isolated from the liver with respect to time were investigated. Paraquat at a concentration of 5 mM was determined to be significantly different compared to control values (P<0.05) and captopril at a concentration of 0.08 mM, lisinopril (0.01 mM), and enalapril (0.25 mM) were found not to be significantly different from controls as found by spectroscopy at wavelength of 607 nm. Simultaneous treatment of mitochondria with captopril (0.08 mM) and paraquat (5 mM) significantly ameliorates the mitochondria toxicity of paraquat (5 mM) alone (P<0.05). Our results show that captopril is a more effective antioxidant than the nonthiol ACEi. Lisinopril (0.01 mM) and enalapril (0.25 mM) did not significantly change the mitochondrial toxicity by paraquat (5 mM) (P>0.05). The antioxidative action of captopril appears to be attributable to the sulfahydryl group (SH) in the compound. This effect may be due to captopril's abilities to scavenge reactive oxygen species.

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Janus Green B, certified by the Biological Stain Commission, Dye content 65 %