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European journal of mass spectrometry (Chichester, England)

Determination of dissociation constants of cyclodextrin-ligand inclusion complexes by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry.


PMID 17404419

Abstract

The inclusion complexes of four ligands binding to cyclodextrins (CDs) were studied by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) and the dissociation constants of the complexes were obtained. The 1:1 stoichiometric inclusion complex was found in the system of CD and fenbufen or aspirin. The obtained KD values of the inclusion complexes of fenbufen binding to alpha-CD and to beta-CD are 4.38x10(-4) mol L(-1) and 2.12x10(-4) mol L(-1), respectively. The KD values of the inclusion complexes of alpha-CD-aspirin and beta-CD-aspirin are 3.33x10(-4) mol L(-1) and 1.83x10(-4) mol L(-1), respectively. A non-linear least squares regression method was applied to validate the results which were consistent with each other. For the system of tetracycline hydrochloride and CD, the 1:1 and 1:2 stoichiometric inclusion complexes were found in the mass spectra. The KD,1 and KD,2 values of the 1:1 and 1:2 stoichiometric inclusion complexes of alpha-CD and tetracycline hydrochloride are 4.47x10(-4) mol L(-1) and 6.51x10(-4) mol L(-1), respectively, and those of beta-CD and tetracycline hydrochloride are 2.26x10(-4) mol L(-1) and 8.57x10(-4) mol L(-1), respectively. For the system of norfloxacin and CD, besides the 1:1 and 1:2 inclusion complexes, the 1:3 stoichiometric inclusion complex was also found. The KD,1, KD,2 and KD,3 of alpha-CD and norfloxacin inclusion complexes are 4.61x10(-4) mol L(-1), 6.05x10(-4) mol L(-1) and 1.45x10(-3) mol L(-1), respectively. The three KD values of beta-CD and norfloxacin are 1.96x10(-4) mol L(-1), 4.93x10(-4) mol L(-1) and 1.15x10(-3) mol L(-1), respectively.

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