Journal of biochemistry

Molecular mechanism of the inhibitory effect of cobalt ion on thermolysin activity and the suppressive effect of calcium ion on the cobalt ion-dependent inactivation of thermolysin.

PMID 17405797


Thermolysin activity in the hydrolysis of N-[3-(2-furyl)acryloyl]-glycyl-l-leucine amide (FAGLA) and FA-l-leucyl-l-alanine amide (FALAA) was examined at various Co(2+) and Ca(2+) concentrations. It decreased to 28% with increasing [Co(2+)] up to 18 mM. The Co(2+)-dependent inactivation was in part suppressed by adding Ca(2+) ion up to 0.5 mM, but 33% of the activity remained to be inactivated even with a sufficient concentration of Ca(2+) (>0.5 mM). The Co(2+)-dependent inactivation was shown to be composed of Ca(2+)-sensitive and Ca(2+)-insensitive parts. In the latter part which is observed at [Ca(2+)] >0.5 mM, Co(2+) plays as a competitive inhibitor. On the other hand, the Co(2+)-dependent inactivation in the Ca(2+)-sensitive part observed at [Ca(2+)] <0.5 mM proceeds time-dependently following second-order kinetics, and the time-course is in good agreement with that of decrease in the thermolysin band due to autolysis in SDS-PAGE. This indicates that Co(2+) accelerates the autolysis. Here, we describe the co-regulation of thermolysin activity by Co(2+) and Ca(2+) ions and propose a molecular mechanism for the inhibition of thermolysin by Co(2+) and suppressive effect of Ca(2+) on the Co(2+)-dependent inhibition. Co(2+) ion inhibits thermolysin activity not only as a competitive inhibitor but also promoting the autolysis.

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DL-Leucinamide hydrochloride
C6H14N2O · HCl