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Water research

Effect of Pt/TiO2 characteristics on temporal behavior of o-cresol decomposition by visible light-induced photocatalysis.


PMID 17418366

Abstract

Platinum deposited TiO(2) films were prepared on quartz substrates by dip-coating process for the photodecomposition of o-cresol. The characteristics of Pt/TiO(2) and the temporal behavior of o-cresol decomposition by Pt/TiO(2) photocatalysis under visible light irradiation were investigated. Platinum deposited on TiO(2) photocatalysts was characterized by Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area measurement, X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), diffuse reflectance UV-Vis spectra (DRS) and photoluminescence (PL) emission spectra. The results indicated that the deposition of platinum on TiO(2) promoted the optical absorption in the visible region and made it possible to be excited by visible light. The decomposition rate of o-cresol under visible light irradiation from a fluorescent lamp was enhanced to noticeably extents for experiments conducted with Pt/TiO(2) containing platinum up to 0.50wt% platinum because of the presence of Ti(3+) resulted from the platinum deposited on the TiO(2) surface; and the formation of Schottky Barrier between platinum and TiO(2) preventing the recombination of electric holes and electrons. Specifically, the reaction rate of o-cresol photodegradation at pH 9 using the 0.50wt% Pt/TiO(2) was 4.8 times than that of using pure TiO(2). The intermediates identified by GC/MS spectroscopy during the photocatalytic oxidation of o-cresol. The proposed kinetic model could be adequately applied to describe the temporal behavior of the o-cresol decomposition with and without the dosage of Pt on TiO(2) in aqueous solution by UV/TiO(2) process.