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European journal of medicinal chemistry

Cytotoxic Mannich bases of 6-(3-aryl-2-propenoyl)-2(3H)-benzoxazolones.


PMID 17459529

Abstract

A series of 12 new Mannich bases with chalcone core structure were synthesized as potential antineoplastic agents, via N-aminomethylation of two parent 6-(3-aryl-2-propenoyl)-2(3H)-benzoxazolones. The newly synthesized compounds as well as the chalcone prototypes were evaluated for cytotoxicity in the human pre-B-cell leukemia cell line BV-173 using the MTT-dye reduction assay. The tested compounds exhibited concentration-dependent cytotoxic effects at low micromolar concentrations. Ten of the Mannich bases characterized by significant activity in BV-173 were further evaluated against the chronic myeloid leukemia cell line K-562 and were found to suppress the growth of these cells at relatively higher concentrations as compared to the former tumor model. Selected Mannich bases induced programmed cell death in BV-173 at a concentration of 2.5muM as evidenced by the encountered DNA-laddering. Taken together our data suggest that the presented heterocyclic chalcone derived Mannich bases necessitate detailed pharmacological evaluation in order to define further the structure activity relationships, in a larger spectrum of tumor models and to elucidate the mechanisms implicated in the observed cytotoxic effects.

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