Archives of pharmacal research

Gene expression profiles in T24 human bladder carcinoma cells by inhibiting an L-type amino acid transporter, LAT1.

PMID 17489360


Inhibition of LAT1 (L-type amino acid transporter 1) activity in tumor cells could be effective in the inhibition of tumor cell growth by depriving tumor cells of essential amino acids. Because of the high level of expression of LAT1 in tumor cells, LAT1 inhibitors would be useful for anticancer therapy in suppressing tumor growth without affecting normal tissues. In recent years, cDNA microarray technique is useful technology for anticancer drug development. It allows identifying and characterizing new targets for developments in cancer drug therapy through the understanding genes involved in drug action. The present study was designed to investigate gene expression profile induced by LAT1 inhibitor using gene chip technology. Human bladder carcinoma cells (T24 cells) were treated with classical system L inhibitor 2-aminobicyclo-(2, 2, 1)-heptane-2-carboxylic acid (BCH). Gene chip experiment was applied for treated and untreated cells after 3 and 12 h. Two independent experiments with a high degree of concordance identified the altered expression of 151 and 200 genes after 3 and 12 h BCH treatment. Among these genes, 132 and 13 were up-regulated and 19 and 187 were down-regulated by 3 and 12 h BCH treatment respectively. We found that BCH affected the expression of a large number of genes that are related to the control of cell survival and physiologic behaviors. These data are useful for understanding of intracellular signaling of cell growth inhibition induced by LAT1 inhibitors as candidate for anticancer drug therapy.

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2-Amino-2-norbornanecarboxylic acid, amino acid transport inhibitor