Archives of pharmacal research

Maprotiline block of the human ether-a-go-go-related gene (HERG) K+ channel.

PMID 17489361


Maprotiline, an atypical antidepressant, can induce prolonged QT and torsades de pointes. We studied the effects of maprotiline on human ether-a-go-go-related gene (HERG) channels expressed in Xenopus oocytes and HEK293 cells. Maprotiline induced a concentration-dependent decrease in current amplitudes at the end of the voltage steps and tail currents of HERG. The V1/2 values in the absence and presence of 1-20 microM maprotiline were not significantly different, while the values decreased according to the concentrations of the drug at 50-300 microM. The IC50 for a maprotiline block of HERG current in Xenopus oocytes did not change according to depolarization; 39.5 +/- 3.2 microM at -40 mV and 43.6 +/- 2.8 microM at +40 mV. The block of HERG by maprotiline was examined after treatment of trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS), an amino-group reagent that neutralizes the positively charged amino-groups of peptide N-terminal and lysine residues. TNBS inhibited the change of V1/2 values induced by 50-300 mM maprotiline, and aggravated the drug-induced gmax decrease. The IC50 for the maprotiline-induced blockade of HERG currents in HEK293 cells at 36 degrees C was 0.13 microM at +20 mV. Our findings suggest that the arrhythmogenic side effects of maprotiline are caused by a blockade of HERG and possibly by a blockade of delayed rectifier K+ channel.