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Carbohydrate research

High-performance liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization ion-trap mass spectrometry for analysis of oligosaccharides derivatized by reductive amination and N,N-dimethylation.


PMID 17532306

Abstract

Milk oligosaccharides derivatized by reductive amination with benzylamine followed by N,N-dimethylation (DMBA-oligosaccharides), were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization ion-trap mass spectrometry (HPLC/ESI-ITMS). Separation of DMBA-oligosaccharides was achieved on a graphitized carbon column eluted with aqueous acetonitrile and the DMBA-oligosaccharides were detected by positive-ion mode ESI-ITMS allowing sample amounts down to approximately 30fmol of single DMBA-oligosaccharides injected on the HPLC column. MS/MS operation of the mass spectrometer resulted in the detection of diagnostic fragments, mainly belonging to the Y-series, allowing differentiation between isomeric milk oligosaccharides. HPLC/ESI-ITMS/MS/MS experiments indicated the migration of fucose residues of the DMBA milk oligosaccharides to the modified reducing end glucose residue during analysis, a migration previously only observed for proton adduct ions.

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