Journal of agricultural and food chemistry

Colorimetric method for the estimation of total limonoid aglycones and glucoside contents in citrus juices.

PMID 17542603


A method for estimating the total limonoid aglycone and glucoside concentrations in Citrus samples in terms of limonin and limonin glucoside equivalents is presented. The method consists of extraction followed by colorimetric quantification. The colorimetric quantification was based on the formation of red to orange colored derivatives resulting from the treatment of limonin, limonin glucoside, or a fruit extract with 4-(dimethylamino)benzaldehyde (DMAB) in the presence of perchloric and acetic acids. Absorbance maxima for the limonin and limonin glucoside derivatives were found to be 470 and 503 nm, respectively. The influence of DMAB concentration, reaction time, and solvent composition on color development and sensitivity were investigated and optimal assay conditions established. With a microplate format under these conditions, the limits of detection and quantification were determined to be 0.25 and 0.50 microg/mL for limonin and 0.50 and 1.0 microg/mL for limonin glucoside.