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Canadian journal of physiology and pharmacology

Differential regulation of cholesterol homeostasis in transgenic mice expressing human cholesterol ester transfer protein.


PMID 17612652

Abstract

We investigated whether expression of cholesterol ester transfer protein (CETP) in mice alters the regulation of cholesterol metabolism. Transgenic mice expressing human CETP (CETP-TG) and nontransgenic littermates (non-TG) were fed either a monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA) or a saturated fatty acid (SFA)-rich diet in the presence or absence of cholesterol. Mice fed with MUFA diet had higher CETP activity compared with SFA-fed mice. Addition of cholesterol to the MUFA diet decreased CETP activity, whereas addition of cholesterol to the SFA diet had no effect. Cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase (Cyp7a) activity was higher in CETP-TG mice compared with non-TG mice when fed a MUFA diet, whereas SFA fed CETP-TG mice showed lower Cyp7a activity as compared with non-TG. Microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTTP) activity was higher in CETP-TG mice compared with non-TG mice when fed a MUFA diet. HMG-CoA reductase activity was lower in CETP-TG mice compared with non-TG mice when fed a MUFA or a SFA diet. These data demonstrate that the regulation of Cyp7a, HMG-CoA reductase, and MTTP is altered in CETP-TG mice as compared with non-TG mice and these alterations are further modulated by the quality of dietary fats. These findings highlight the importance of CETP in regulating cholesterol homeostasis.

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