Phytochemical analysis : PCA

Studies on the aroma of maté (Ilex paraguariensis St. Hil.) using headspace solid-phase microextraction.

PMID 17624890


Volatile and semi-volatile components of maté (Ilex paraguariensis St. Hil.) were analysed by headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) coupled to gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. Five SPME fibres coated separately with 100 microm poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS), 65 microm PDMS-divinylbenzene (DVB), 70 microm carbowax (CW)-DVB, 85 microm carboxen (CAR)-PMDS or 50/30 microm DVB-CAR, were tested. Seventy compounds were identified in the sample headspace, including propanal, (E)-2-pentenal, hexanal, (E)-2-hexenal, 6-methyl-5-hepten-2-one, (E,Z)-2,4-heptadienal, (E,E)-2,4-heptadienal, (E,Z)-3,5-octadien-2-one, beta-cyclocitral, 3-ethyl 4-methyl-(1H)-pyrrole-2,5-dione, alpha-ionone, geranylacetone, beta-ionone, dihydroactinidiolide and caffeine. Extraction parameters such as temperature, time and sample mass were studied and optimized. The best conditions for trapping volatile and semi-volatile compounds were obtained using a DVB-CAR fibre at 80 degrees C for 60 min with a sample mass starting from 100 mg in a vial of 4 mL.