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Spectrochimica acta. Part A, Molecular and biomolecular spectroscopy

Orthogonal signal correction-partial least squares method for simultaneous spectrophotometric determination of cypermethrin and tetramethrin.


PMID 17652014

Abstract

The simultaneous determination of cypermethrin and tetramethrin mixtures by using spectrophotometric method is a difficult problem in analytical chemistry, due to spectral interferences. By multivariate calibration methods, such as partial least squares (PLS) regression, it is possible to obtain a model adjusted to the concentration values of the mixtures used in the calibration range. Orthogonal signal correction (OSC) is a preprocessing technique used for removing the information unrelated to the target variables based on constrained principal component analysis. OSC is a suitable preprocessing method for partial least squares calibration of mixtures without loss of prediction capacity using spectrophotometric method. In this study, the calibration model is based on absorption spectra in the 200-350 nm range for 25 different mixtures of cypermethrin and tetramethrin. Calibration matrices were containing 0.1-12.9 and 0.1-13.8 microg mL(-1) for cypermethrin and tetramethrin, respectively. The RMSEP for cypermethrin and tetramethrin with OSC and without OSC were 0.0884, 0.0614 and 0.2915, 0.2309, respectively. This procedure allows the simultaneous determination of cypermethrin and tetramethrin in synthetic and real samples good reliability of the determination was proved.

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