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The journal of physical chemistry. A

Free-radical-induced oxidative and reductive degradation of sulfa drugs in water: absolute kinetics and efficiencies of hydroxyl radical and hydrated electron reactions.


PMID 17715905

Abstract

Absolute rate constants and degradation efficiencies for hydroxyl radical and hydrated electron reactions with four different sulfa drugs in water have been evaluated using a combination of electron pulse radiolysis/absorption spectroscopy and steady-state radiolysis/high-performance liquid chromatography measurements. For sulfamethazine, sulfamethizole, sulfamethoxazole, and sulfamerazine, absolute rate constants for hydroxyl radical oxidation were determined as (8.3 +/- 0.8) x 10(9), (7.9 +/- 0.4) x 10(9), (8.5 +/- 0.3) x 10(9), and (7.8 +/- 0.3) x 10(9) M(-1) s(-1), respectively, with corresponding degradation efficiencies of 36% +/- 6%, 46% +/- 8%, 53% +/- 8%, and 35% +/- 5%. The reduction of these four compounds by their reaction with the hydrated electron occurred with rate constants of (2.4 +/- 0.1) x 10(10), (2.0 +/- 0.1) x 10(10), (1.0 +/- 0.03) x 10(10), and (2.0 +/- 0.1) x 10(10) M(-1) s(-1), respectively, with efficiencies of 0.5% +/- 4%, 61% +/- 9%, 71% +/- 10%, and 19% +/- 5%. We propose that hydroxyl radical adds predominantly to the sulfanilic acid ring of the different sulfa drugs based on similar hydroxyl radical rate constants and transient absorption spectra. In contrast, the variation in the rate constants for hydrated electrons with the sulfa drugs suggests the reaction occurs at different reaction sites, likely the different heterocyclic rings. The results of this study provide fundamental mechanistic parameters, hydroxyl radical and hydrated electron rate constants, and degradation efficiencies that are critical for the evaluation and implementation of advanced oxidation processes (AOPs).

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