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Biochemical and biophysical research communications

Identification of GPR55 as a lysophosphatidylinositol receptor.


PMID 17765871

Abstract

GPR55 is an orphan G protein-coupled receptor. In this study, we explored a possible endogenous ligand for GPR55 using HEK293 cells which expressed GPR55. We found that lysophosphatidylinositol induced rapid phosphorylation of the extracellular signal-regulated kinase in transiently or stably GPR55-expressing cells. On the other hand, lysophosphatidylinositol did not induce phosphorylation of the extracellular signal-regulated kinase in vector-transfected cells. Lysophosphatidic acid and sphingosine 1-phosphate also induced phosphorylation of the extracellular signal-regulated kinase in GPR55-expressing cells. However, these lipid phosphoric acids elicited similar responses in vector-transfected cells. Various types of other lysolipids as well as the cannabinoid receptor ligands did not induce phosphorylation of the extracellular signal-regulated kinase. We also found that lysophosphatidylinositol elicited a rapid Ca2+ transient in GPR55-expressing cells. Lysophosphatidylinositol also stimulated the binding of GTPgammaS to the GPR55-expressing cell membranes. These results strongly suggest that GPR55 is a specific and functional receptor for lysophosphatidylinositol.

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62966 L-α-Lysophosphatidylinositol sodium salt from soybean, ≥98.0% (TLC)