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Biotechnology and bioengineering

Protein engineering of nitrilase for chemoenzymatic production of glycolic acid.


PMID 17787011

Abstract

A key step in a chemoenzymatic process for the production of high-purity glycolic acid (GLA) is the enzymatic conversion of glycolonitrile (GLN) to ammonium glycolate using a nitrilase derived from Acidovorax facilis 72W. Protein engineering and over-expression of this nitrilase, combined with optimized fermentation of an E. coli transformant were used to increase the enzyme-specific activity up to 15-fold and the biocatalyst-specific activity up to 125-fold. These improvements enabled achievement of the desired volumetric productivity and biocatalyst productivity for the conversion of GLN to ammonium glycolate.

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50640
Glycolic acid nitrile solution, ~70% in H2O
C2H3NO